性别世代 GENDERATION

性别世代

GENDERATION

导演|莫妮卡·楚特

编剧|莫妮卡·楚特

主演| 安妮·斯普林克、贝丝·斯蒂芬斯、斯塔福德、桑迪·斯通

制片人|莫妮卡·楚特

摄影|罗伯特·法尔肯伯格、埃尔菲·米克什

类型|纪录片

时长|88分钟

完成时间|2021

对白语言|英语

字幕|中文

地区|德国

制片公司|鬣狗电影、ZDF、3sat

故事梗概

20世纪90年代末,导演莫妮卡·楚特前往旧金山着手拍摄一部关于跨性别的电影,彼时这个概念还是新兴现象。在这部名为《忽男忽女》的纪录片里,她描绘了旅途中所遇到的所有以新性别展现自己的迷人的艺术家们,他们用新技术和生物化学改变自己的身体,以质疑男性和女性这一对二元性别的存在。他们在性的世界中巡游,就像宇航员的太空旅行,或者网上的赛博旅行,当面对“你是男人还是女人?”这样的问题时,他们只会回答“是的”。 二十多年后,楚特回到加州,再次与纪录片的主角们见面,桑迪·斯通、苏珊·斯特里克、斯塔福德和马克斯-沃尔夫·瓦莱里奥,他们都是90年代跨性别运动的先驱,大部分都住在旧金山,当时是性运动的天堂。今天他们的年龄在58岁到84岁之间,也搬去了其他地方,而旧金山已经成为硅谷高科技公司高薪雇员的宿舍。变性运动转移到价格低廉的东湾、南方的沙漠、北加州的省份,或者像麦克斯一样转去了科罗拉多。但是安妮·斯普林克和贝丝·斯蒂芬斯等活动家及表演艺术家们的能量没有减弱,他们的精神没有断裂。面对日渐活跃的右翼保守政治,他们应该如何继续前行?《性别世代》回顾了一个乌托邦年代,向我们展示了这些性别主义者们的创造性抵抗。

导演介绍

35年来,女同性恋导演、作家和制片人莫妮卡·楚特以其充满感性和颠覆性的剧情片和纪录片对德国乃至国际同性恋电影产生了巨大影响。1954年4月6日,楚特出生于门兴格拉德巴赫,后前往马尔堡大学学习德语和政治学,她于1978年毕业并在1984年获得语言学博士学位。同年,她与艾尔菲·米克什(www.hyena-films.com)一起在汉堡成立了鬣狗电影公司。她曾在杜塞尔多夫担任沃纳·施罗德的助理导演。20世纪80年代,楚特在美国呆了一段时间,用自己非传统电影方法及对同性性行为的进步观点为新兴的新酷儿电影运动提供了关键的推动力。她拍摄了超过20部电影,如《诱惑:残酷的女人》《处女机器》《忽男忽女》《马背上的青春》等。她的剧情片和纪录片在欧洲获得了多个奖项。2017年,柏林电影节授予楚特特别泰迪奖荣誉。她也在加州和纽约的大学任教,并为书籍和期刊撰写文章。自2018年起,楚特在希尔德斯海姆大学担任媒体系主任。

导演阐述

Director|Monika Treut

Screenwriter|Monika Treut

Cast|Annie Sprinkle, Beth Stephens, Stafford, Sandy Stone, Susan Stryker, Max Wolf Valerio

Producer|Monika Treut

Cinematographer|Robert Falckenberg, Elfi Mikesch

Genre|Documentary

Length|88min

Year|2021

Dialogue|English

Subtitles|Chinese

Region|Germany

Production Company|Hyena Films, Zweites Deutsches Fernsehen (ZDF), 3Sat

Synopsis

When director Monika Treut set out at the end of the 1990s to make a film about the emerging phenomenon of ‘trans’ (transgender, transsex-uality), it was to San Francisco, the epicentre of the trans scene, that she headed. With her documentary, “Gendernauts” (1999), she created a cinematic tribute to all the fascinating artists she met during her journey through the land of the new genders. Treut portrayed gender-mixers and sexual cyborgs, who changed their bodies with new technologies and biochemistry and thereby questioned the very existence of ‘male’ and ‘female’. The gendernauts travelled through the worlds of gender and sexuality like cosmonauts travelling through space or cybernauts tra-versing the world-wide web. When asked, “Are you a man or a woman?”, the gendernauts would reply, “Yes”.More than two decades later, Treut returns to California to meet again with the protagonists of her ground-breaking and award-winning queer documentary classic: Sandy Stone, Susan Stryker, Stafford and Max Wolf Valerio, the pioneers of the 90s trans movement. Most of them lived in San Francisco, then a haven for outsiders and part of the sexual avant-garde. Today, they are aged between 58 and 84 and are mostly living elsewhere. San Francisco has become the dormitory town of the well-paid employees of the high-tech companies in Silicon Valley. The alter-native movement has moved to the less expensive East Bay, the deserts in the South, the provinces of Northern California or, like Max, to Colo-rado. But the energy of the gendernauts and their supporters, such as the sex activists and performance artists Annie Sprinkle and Beth Ste-phens, is undimmed, their spirit unbroken.How have their lives changed in the intervening years? How do these civil-rights activists deal with the right-wing conservative politics that threaten the hard-won rights of social minorities? “Genderation” looks back on a time that now seems utopian and shows us the creative resis-tance of the gendernauts against the challenging living conditions for trans people.

Director Biography

For more than 35 years, lesbian director, writer and producer Monika Treut has made a huge impact on German and international queer cinema with her sensual and subversive feature films and documentaries. Born on April 6, 1954, in Mönchengladbach, she studied German and Political Science at the University of Marburg. She graduated in 1978 and earned her doctorate degree in philology in 1984. That same year she founded Hyena Films in Ham-burg together with Elfi Mikesch (www.hyena-films.com). She worked as an assistant director for Werner Schroeter at Düsseldorfer Schau-spielhaus. Treut also spent time in America during the 1980s and provided crucial impulses to the emerging New Queer Cinema with her unconventional approach and her progressive perspective on lesbian and gay sexuality. Her film catalogue includes over 20 films, such as “Seduction: The Cruel Woman” (1985), a film that explores sadomasochistic sex prac-tices; “Virgin Machine” (1988), an adventurous sex melodrama; “My Father Is Coming” (1991), a family comedy shot in New York; “Gender-nauts” (1999), a ground-breaking documentary about the trans scene in San Francisco; and “Of Girls and Horses” (2014), a lesbian coming-of-age drama. Her feature films and documenta-ries have received awards in Germany, Italy, Brazil, the UK, the USA and Greece. Retrospec-tives of her work were held in Ankara, Bern, Lyon, New York City, Seoul, Hamburg, Bogota, Buenos Aires, Tel Aviv, Cambridge, Bologna, Los Angeles, Toronto, Mexico City, Lisbon, Thessaloniki, Athens, Sao Paolo, Helsinki, Taipei, Warsaw, Prague and Rio de Janeiro. In 2017, Treut was honoured with the Special Teddy Award at the Berlinale. Between her film projects, she teaches at universities in Califor-nia and New York and writes articles for books and journals. Since 2018 she has held the Chair of Media at the University of Hildesheim.

Director’s Statement

None.

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