芭芭拉·汉默 Barbara Hammer

芭芭拉汉默 Barbara Hammer

 

芭芭拉·汉默  Barbara Hammer

导演简介:

芭芭拉汉默1939年5月15日生于加利福尼亚州的好莱坞。她是一位视觉艺术家,主要从事电影和录像作品的创作,在横跨30年的职业生涯中曾创作80多部作品。她被认为是酷儿电影的先驱。她在1970年代拍摄的实验电影常常探讨诸如月经、女性性高潮、女同性恋等禁忌议题。在80年代,她使用光学印刷,探讨16毫米胶片生命本身的感受力与脆弱性。
<视神经>(1985年)和<濒危>(1988年)两部影片曾分别被选入当年在惠特尼博物馆举行的美国艺术双年展。她拍摄的纪录片讲述被隐藏于历史之外的边缘人群的生活,往往是多层次的散文式电影,以真诚的态度和理智的方式去促使人们进行社会变革。以实验性同志纪录片为主题的「同志三部曲」:《硝酸盐之吻》、《柔情告白》与《历史课》,被视为同志电影与独立制片中的重要经典,获奖无数。2007年2月由台湾女性影展主办,她应邀来到台北市中国文化大学举办作品回顾展。2008年4月,拍摄影片《济州岛的女潜水员》在首尔国际女性影展首映并出席放映现场,之后应女同组织同语的邀请来到新成立的北京同志中心放映一组她在70年代拍摄的短片。

Bio-filmography of the director:
Barbara Hammer was born on May 15, 1939 in Hollywood, California. She is a visual artist working primarily in film and video and has made over 80 works in a career that spans 30 years. She is considered a pioneer of queer cinema. Her experimental films of the 1970’s often dealt with taboo subjects such as menstruation, female orgasm and lesbian sexuality. In the 80’s she used optical printing to explore perception and the fragility of 16mm film life itself. Optic Nerve (1985) and Endangered (1988) were selected for the Whitney Museum of American Art Biennials (’85,’89). Her documentaries tell the stories of marginalized peoples who have been hidden from history and are often essay films that are multi-leveled and engage audiences viscerally and intellectually with the goal of activating them to make social change. In February 2007, she was awarded a tribute and retrospective at the Chinese Cultural University Digital Imaging Center in Taipei, Taiwan sponsored by Women Make Waves Film Festival. In April, 2008, Diving Women of Jeju-do premiered at the Seoul International Women’s Film Festival where Hammer presented followed by a trip to Beijing where she showed her 1970 lesbian films to a Feminist Seminar and a new LGTQI Center.

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